BEGINNING LEVEL GERMAN - A

Level A-1
The first part of this level assumes that you have no previous experience with German.  Study the German numbers from 1-100.  How do you say the following in German: I am, you, are, he is, we are, they are?  Learn how to talk about the present and how to form simple questions.

Level A-2
Learn all about the German noun.  How do you say “the” in German?  Did you know that if you ask a German what color his car is, he might say: “He is red”?  If DAS HAUS means “the house”, how do you say “my house?  Take a look at the possessive adjectives.  Study some time expressions in German. 

Level A-3
Learn about some of the changes that take place in the middle part of German verbs.  Then learn about verbs that break apart as you form them (separable prefixes).  How do you say “not” in German?  Study what are called the modal verbs: must, should, can, want, etc. 

Level A-4
How do you say “I have” in German?  Study the forms of HABEN.  Learn how to indicate a direct object in German (the Accusative Case).  If DER, DIE and DAS all mean “the”, how do you say “a”?  Are there times when you shouldn’t say “not” in German? (KEIN vs. NICHT)  How do you point something out in German? (DAS IST and DAS SIND)  What is the German expression that means “there is” or “there are”?  More information about questions formation: How do you say “what type of a…”?  How do you say “who” or “whom”?  Learn to describe things with German adjectives.  Take a look at showing expression with the German Genitive Case.  Learn more about German numbers and telling time.

Level A-5
Take your first steps at speaking about the past in German (Present Perfect Tense and the Simple Past Tense, also known as the Imperfect).  Take a look at the way German uses infinitives.

Level A-6
How do you say that you like something in German?  That something takes good or that something is fun?  How do you form questions that ask “how” and “why”?  Learn some basic ideas about German word-order.  Study the words that mean “which”, “this”, “that”, and “all”.  Learn to say: good, better, best (Comparatives and Superlatives)

Level A-7
How do you say that something makes you angry?  The Verb ÄRGERN.  How do expressions like WENN (when), DAß (that), WEIL (because), WARUM (why), OB (if, whether) effect German word order (the concept of subordination).  When should you not use JA to say “yes”?  ( JA vs. DOCH vs. NEIN)

Level A-8
Learn how to say “where” in German.  Study some more about German nouns and their endings. (Weak nouns and Adjectives used as Nouns).  Take a look at how to talk about the future in German.  Learn new aspects about Modal verbs.  Get more information about subordination and word-order.  How do you say that you don’t need to do something?  Learn more about Time Phrases.  Omission of the Infinitive with Modals.  Additional Usage of Infinitive Phrases.

Level A-9
Problems with German prepositions: some require the dative case, some require the accusative, and some can’t seem to decide!  Verbs that require the Dative Case.  How do you say “the same” in German?  Did you know that Germans usually don’t say: “I cut my hair”?  Instead, they say: “I cut to me the hair”.  How to express “something” and “some sort of” in German. 

Level A-10
Two important ways to talk about the past in German: Present Perfect vs. Imperfect.  Study some of the irregular forms of past tense verbs in German.  How do you say “I have eaten” vs. “I had eaten” in German?

Level A-11
More Information about “Strong” Verbs in the Present Tense.  Learn how to make a command in German.  (Imperative)  If IHN means “him”, how do you say “to him”? (more about the Dative Case in German).  Study the word-order of object pronouns.  Learn more about the Genitive Case in German.  It doesn’t always indicate possession.

Level A-12
How do you say that you did something to yourself?  (Reflexive verbs and pronouns.  Both Accusative and Dative Cases get used here.)  How do you say you initiated an action, but you didn’t do it yourself? “I had the house painted.” (The Causative Construction in German)  Talking about “self” (Uses of SELBST and SELBER).  Verb pairs that cause problems in both English and German: LIEGEN vs. LEGEN (to lie vs. to lay), SITZEN vs. SETZEN (to sit vs. to set).  Verbs that require prepositions in German.  Learn about those strange things in German called WO-Compounds and DA-Compounds.  Take yet another look at German word-order.

Level A-13
Learn to distinguish between the different ways in German to say “when”: WANN vs. ALS vs. WENN.  Study the use of MODAL verbs in the present perfect tense.  Comparative and Superlative Forms of Adjectives and Adverbs.  Passive Voice.

Level A-14
Study Relative Pronouns and Clauses.  What is an Impersonal Reflexive Verb.  Show emphasis in a sentence by using Contrast Intonation.  Verbs that only use “it” as a subject: Impersonal Verbs.  Prepositions that require the Genitive Case.  Review of Adjective Endings. How to say “such” and “such a” in German: SOLCH-, SOLCH EIN, SO EIN, EIN SO

Level A-15
Use the  Present Tense Subjunctive to express “wishes” in German.  How do you say “would” in German? (Conditional)  Learn to form conditional sentences: “If I were…, I would…”  Put the Subjunctive into the past tense.  Use the subjunctive to show the difference between ALS (when) and ALS OB (as if).  Use the subjunctive in order to be very polite.  Indirect Discourse Subjunctive